Violence against Children Survey (VACS) in Nigeria estimated that violence can be categorised as sexual, physical and emotional violence by under-18 females and males in Nigeria. There is a high prevalence of violence against the girl child in Nigeria. According to VACS, Girls are significantly more likely to experience both sexual and physical violence more than other combinations of violence: 1 in 2 girls experience physical violence, 1 in 4 girls experience sexual violence and 1 in 6 girls experience emotional violence from a parent, care giver or adult relative. Girls’ first experience of sexual violence is most likely perpetrated by a romantic partner, followed by a friend, neighbour, classmate and stranger.
I/2 of children who experienced any sort of violence before 18 had their first experience between the ages of 6-11. Approximately, 1 in 10 children had their first experience under 5. However, 1/3 girls had their first incident of sexual violence between the age of 14 and 15. While, 1 in 5 girls had their first experience of sexual violence at 13 years and younger.
Sadly, the rate of girls that disclose their experience of sexual violence is pretty low. They are most times not aware of people or services where they can seek help. Only about 6% of girls ask for help and 5% eventually get help. Banner Unto Nations (BUN) Foundation wants to offer psychology and social support services to girls who have gone through the trauma of sexual violence. Empower them to speak up, seek help and get help.
Sexual violence is associated with higher risk for symptoms or diagnosis of Sexually Transmitted Infections, mental distress and thoughts of suicide. 15% of females reported getting pregnant is as a result of unwanted pregnancy.
Sexual violence is most time an elephant in the room and most communities keep quiet about it. This is an elephant in the room in most communities and a highly sensitive topic. BUN isn’t just okay with identifying a few victims and getting them out of the system but we plan on working to re-construct the social construct of the community. We hope to identify the cultural norms that fuel the behaviour of the perpetrators and work on ways to bring about a shift in mental assumptions. This hopefully will bring about behavioural changes and decrease the rate of sexual abuse). Working with the victims alone will not go a long way but infiltrating the entire community by creating awareness and empowering them to stand to sexual abuse. In addition, we will be creating awareness and encouraging abused girls to speak out while using the empathy approach instead of the commonly used spoken and unspoken judgemental tool.
Sexual violence is defined by the World Health Organizations as : any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, unwanted sexual comments or advances, or acts to traffic, or otherwise directed, against a person’s sexuality using coercion, by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, in any setting, including but not limited to home and work. Coercion can cover a whole spectrum of degrees of force. Apart from physical force, it may involve psychological intimidation, blackmail or other threats – for instance, the threat of physical harm, of being dismissed from a job or of not obtaining a job that is sought. It may also occur when the person aggressed is unable to give consent – for instance, while drunk, drugged, asleep or mentally incapable of understanding the situation. Sexual violence includes rape, defined as physically forced or otherwise coerced penetration – even if slight – of the vulva or anus, using a penis, other body parts or an object. The attempt to do so is known as attempted rape. Rape of a person by two or more perpetrators is known as gang rape. Sexual violence can include other forms of assault involving a sexual organ, including coerced contact between the mouth and penis, vulva or anus.